The book “Eserciti di Carta” (Feltrinelli, 2013) written by two reporters of “Financial Times”, Ferdinando Giuliano and Jhon Lloyd, tells of the war that journalists fight today, with pens and paper in hand.

The book describes how the journalism profession in Italy has changed since Berlusconi has appeared in the Italian society.
Moreover, two journalists speak about other aspect of this job: the role of journalists in the society; the editors’ power but also the big influence that media have on the public opinion.

“Eserciti di Carta” has been promoted at the Italian Cultural Istitute of London with other two important names of the national and international journalism: Billi Emmot, journalist for “The Times” and correspondent for the “La Stampa”; and Marco Niada correspondent for the “Il Sole 24 Ore”.
When the four journalists have finished the presentation of the book, they have compared the world of journalism in Italy with the one in the UK.
“Myth of British journalist – Ferdinando Giugliano says – influenced the Italian journalism. But in time, this value has been lost. After Berlusconi, the journalism in Italy went on its separete way”.
Jhon Lloy says that the politic influences the press: “In Italy, journalism became as “inciucio”.* Journalists don’t describe society’s issues but they just gossip. In particular on Tv. In UK journalists speak about the political matters that interest people; there are tabloids that speak of gossip”.
“The real problem – Marco Niada says – it is that Berlusconi is a politician and, in the same time, he leads his televition’s programs to manipulate the public’s opinion”.
Many people wacth TV and don’t read any newspapers, especially in Italy.
In the UK the TV is different: “BBC – says Bill Emmott – it is very important. All people wacth BBC because it is a TV that makes real information. This TV doesn’t have political influence and so it is a reference point for all. BBC is the TV of the citizens”.
However also in the UK, the big media influence the public opinion and people believe what the TV says. Only few people read newspaperes: they are businessmen or people who prefer to inquire with newspapers.
The media information, in Italy as in the UK, is intended for a middle class society which is percieved as lazy and as needy of quick , frivolous and empty information.
The journalist, both British and Italian, can now choose to go back to what they used to be. The men who collected information on the sidewalks or in the street.
The solution is called “Internet”.
The new alternative media on radio and television can be free from all publishing houses. Journalists can manage their own web pages and their blogs, describing only the facts.
The battle that journalists of the world are fighting today is ideological: the first objective is to reclaim their own space in society.
This is possible with the internet.


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