Croatia joins the EU: one month later


It’s past over a month since Croatia joined to the “European giant”. In fact, the 1st of July 2013 Croatia has become a member Country of the European Union, bringing the jersey number 28. When a Country joins the EU can benefit from the protection granted by the Community trade mark and by the registred Community models. But the reinstatement of a positive growth rate “it is not likely” for Croatia, as stated by Moody’s. The Agency has explained in a note that Croatia can not enjoy the positive effects that usually are combined with the arrival of a new Country in the EU, as there is a lack of demand for Croatian products and services from foreign Countries. In this sense, the Croatian economy has experienced several problems: it has suffered five consecutive years of recession, the GDP decreased by 11%, foreign investment fell by 80% and the youth unemployment rate surpasses 50%. But, as continues the Moody’s note, “Croatia is fairly wealthy compared with other Central and Eastern European countries that have joined the EU since 2004. However, the global financial crisis unmasked the weakness of an economic model that is reliant on private consumption and construction fuelled by external credit”. At first, also the British Prime Minister David Cameron had defined Croatia “unprepared” to face the challenges that arise every day to European Countries, just a few months before it occurred the enlargement. At the same time, however, he was declared himserf “confident that Croatia will be an example to other countries in the region, because EU enlargement will not stop”, during a meeting with Croatian President Ivo Josipovic in his office.

Public support is an essential ingredient to the success of the enlargement policy. For this reason it’s fundamental that we have to build appropriate criteria and targets for the pursuit of concrete goals. For this, the strategy of the European Commission focuses on three priorities: fight against corruption, regional cooperation and economic development. In any case remains undeniable that the enlargement policy is an effective tool to promote stability and strengthen democracy. This also represents a huge step forward the historic task of the integration of the Countries of the Western Balkans in the EU.
It is also interesting to note that Croatia is the second country of the former Yugoslavia, after Slovenia in 2004, to join the EU.
The following is the historical process of EU enlargement.
– 23 July 1952 The European Coal and Steel Community involved Belgium, France, Federal Republic of Germany , Luxembourg, Italy and Netherlands.
– On the 1st of January 1973 are added to the European community United Kingdom, Denmark and Irland.
– On the 1st of February 1981 it is the turn of Greece.
– 1st of January 1986: Spain and Portugal are joined the European Community.
– 3 October 1990: after German reunification, it occured the annexation of the Federal Republic of Germany in West Federal Germany unified ; although the number of Countries of the European Community remains unchanged.
– 1st of January 1995: the council of the European Union approved the adhesion of Austria, Sweden and Finland.
– 1st of May 2004: Cyprus, Malta, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Czech Republic and Slovenia are united to the EU.
– 1st of January 2007: EU was expanded with the entry of Romania and Bulgaria.
– Finally, 1st of July 2013: the painting was completed with the accession of Croatia.
Who will be the next?