Monitoring climate change from space

Climate Change press event medium

Londra June 2014  at the Royal society of London there was a important conference about Understanding climate change from space organized by ESA ( European Space Agency ). Rising to the challenges of climatechange , ESA and its Member states are developing initiatives to address issues related toa changing world. Data from archives going back three decades from ESA and Member-state satellites, combined with data from new mission, will be used to produce information on a wide range of climate cariablesa such as greenhouse-gas concentrations, sea-ice externt and thickness, and sea-surface temperature and salinity to name but a few.

The Climate Change Iniziative promises to be an extremely effective mechanism for providing Earth observation datasets to the science community and for all people that live on the Earth, so the conference was important, not only for the scientists but for all people, to understand that the planet is changing. Climate change creates many effects on humans, politics, economics, insurance. If climate change also changes the way as live or die.The initiative is the world’s largest coordinated programme for providing data from space on key climate factors for analysing climate change.

UK Minister of State for Universities and Science, David Willetts, highlighted UK capabilities in climate research and praised the international cooperation in this domain. He is pleased that ESA chose Harwell–Oxford as the location for its ESA Climate Office, which opened in 2010.

ESa’s Earth observation satellites have given Europe a leading role in understanding the global environment increasing our knowledge about Eath’s weather and climate change.Satellites are unique in their ability to constantly moitor the entire Earth. From space it possible monitor many natural events form floods and forest fire, to change ice cover, rising sea levels and oil slicks. From 1977 until 2014 there have been 23 Earth observation missions, and 10 more missions are planned until 2020. Why is this all about satellites important?

Because, we live in mild climate and each transformation is reflected  in our lives. Often people do not think that our climate is as important as the temperature of our body. We breathe through a balanced climate, the plants, the flowers, the cultivated fields of tomatoes, wine, etc. exist thanks to a well-defined climate, and if changes too much could be the destruction of our lives.
For example Recently, a team of scientists from the UK’s Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling using CryoSat data found that the Antarctic ice sheet is now losing 159 billion tonnes of ice each year – twice as much as when it was last surveyed.

This ice loss greatly contributes to rising sea levels – one of the many devastating effects of climate change.

Sea-surface temperature is another crucial factor – satellites show that a warming trend lasting 30 years has slowed within the last 15 years.

The monitoring  the earth is an important project, where ESA has an important role for the launch of satelites and data collection.Satelites are like doctors who control the earth in space, they can measure its temperature and health with data collected. Just now the data are not very good, but there is’ hope for the future.

At The conference:

Moderate by David Parker [ Chief Executive UK space Agency]

Minister David Willetts UK minister for Universities and science

Volker Liebig [ Director of Earth Observation Programmes ESA]

Stephen Briggs [ Chairman of the GCOS Steering Commitee Europea and European Space Agency]

Andrew Shepherd [ University of Leeds Uk ]

Christopher Merchant [ University of Reading uk]