London- One of the most fascinating and mysterious islands that we can find in the Pacific Ocean is no doubt the Easter Island because it was discovered on an Easter Sunday by Jakob Roggeveen.
The island is situated approximately at 3000 km from the Chile’s coast and the territory was made up by four volcanos: Poike, Rano Kau, Rano Raraku and Terevaka. The subtropical climate doesn’t have much changes during the year because of the position of the island.
At the beginning the island counted almost 15.000 inhabitants over time, owing to plagues and Peruvian slave raids, the population decreased to 111 inhabitants in 1877. The situation had stabilized when the island was annexed to Chile because the inhabitants couldn’t leave the island; however, even when the prohibition was abolished the demographic situation didn’t change. With the European invasion the population was constricted to hide because of the European’s will to make them slaves; the places in which they usually took shelter were the caves where they also had religious rituals. Moreover the drawings on the walls allowed the researchers to discover the legend of “Tangata Manu” that means “bird-man” because it consists in throwing down in the ocean (with sharks) from the top of the Rano Kao volcano and taking an egg that had to be delivered intact to the priest of the nearest temple; in this challenge there was only one condition: only the chief could take part in it.
[photo monumental statues, Monumental called Moai ]
In the XIX century on the island, they were discovered 26 clay bars with engravings of Rongorongo, the own language of the inhabitants of the island that has never been decoded until Thomas Barthel’s found a bar that represents the lunar calendar;
The Easter island is very famous all around the world thanks to the monolithic statues made up with volcanic tuff that reachs the height of 10 metres and the weight of 80 tonnes; these statues represent the faces of various men, probably dead people or they were used as propitiatory ritual for the fishing (because they look at the sea). On the back of the rock there were Rongorongo engravings that probably are the sign of the author. Recently some excavations have revealed that under the head of these giants there were buried bodies.
[[photo monumental statues, Monumental called Moai ]