London (by Chiara Fiorillo)
After last week Italy voted against the constitutional reform, Matteo Renzi resigned. The days following last Sunday, 4th December, when the referendum took place, were characterized by uncertainty and insecurity about the new government.
After Renzi’s resignation, Sergio Mattarella, the president of the Republic of Italy, has appointed Paolo Gentiloni as the new Prime Minister. The latter has accepted the appointment subject to checks and has announced he will go back to Mattarella soon to tell him his decision.
Paolo Gentiloni, current Minister for Foreign Affairs, is 62 years old. He was born in Rome from a noble family. He received a Catholic education and, among his ancestors, there was Vincenzo Ottorino Gentiloni, who promoted the so-called “Patto Gentiloni” in 1913, thanks to which Catholics started taking part in Italian politics.
In 1970s Paolo Gentiloni took part in a student movement and he met Mario Capanna, when he run away from his hometown in order to participate in a young communist protest in Milan. His political life started when he entered left-wing parties, such as Movimento dei Lavoratori per il Socialismo (MLS) and Partito di Unità Proletaria per il Comunismo.
Gentiloni has a degree in Political Science and he is a professional journalist. He worked for the magazine Pace e Guerra, whose directors, Luciana Castellina and Michelangelo Notarianni, were also the founders of Manifesto. In 1984 Paolo Gentiloni became the director of the magazine Nuova Ecologia.
In Rome, Gentiloni was the assessor for tourism and for the Jubilee. Before entering the Democratic Party, he was part of Margherita. From 2005 to 2006 he was the President of the Security Commission at RAI.
During the Prodi government, from 2006 to 2008 Paolo Gentiloni was Minister of Communications. In that period he took part in the establishment of the Democratic Party. In the following years, he got close to Matteo Renzi and in 2013 he was in the running as Mayor of Rome, but he arrived third after Ignazio Marino and David Sassoli. In October 2014 he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and of International Cooperation.
If he accepts the nomination as Prime Minister, which we will know in the next few days, he will have to create a new government starting from the same parties which have the majority in the Italian parliament now.