Since the Industrial Revolution, the human being began to destroy the environment where he used to live, to satisfy his needs. With their actions, humans devastated a lot of ecosystems.
In the Natural History Museum, there is an area dedicated to this topic, particularly to the Ecology, a part of natural science that studies the ecosphere. In this section the Ecology is presented in various forms such as “Factors that limit life – in the oceans”, “Factors that limit life – on the land”, “Ozone’s hole”, “Environment changes”.
In the oceans, animals and plants can live thanks to temperature, light, clarity, nutrients and depth, but the integrity of the marine ecosystem is compromised by the water pollution, caused by the discharge of toxic waste in the water and by acid rains. In the land, life is guaranteed by the temperature, the daylight and the rainfall, but it is compromised by the air pollution.
For what concern the Ozone, it is an important gas that regulates the entry of sun’s rays and in particular the ultra-violet radiation. With the increase of air pollution, the layer of the Ozone in the atmosphere has been damaged: now it presents a hole which endangers the safety of the Earth causing an increase of the greenhouse effect and also many Environment changes.
In the Ecology area of the Natural History Museum we can also find a section dedicated to waste recycling and to decrease of the atmosphere pollution.
What people can learn visiting this section is that it is important to avoid human’s self-destruction and how we can do with little daily action.