The different between Psychiatrist, Psychologist, Psychotherapist


The UK Mental Health system is complex and slightly different form the Italian.  One of the most common questions is about the role of different figures as Psychiatrist, Psychologist, Psychotherapist…

The aim of this article is to pointing out the differences between them, in terms of roles and competences;

The Psychologist in the Italian system can become a Psychotherapist after a four-year training in specialized centres. During this four-year training, the psychotherapist is taught to treat mental health disorders using specific techniques; he or she also gains experience through practicing psychotherapy (under professional supervision) and undergoes personal psychotherapy as well. In the U.K., psychotherapists are accredited by the British Association of Psychotherapists or the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy. Be a psychologist in UK in not an essential requirement to become a Psychotherapist, many psychotherapists in UK hardly bare an accreditation in psychology. The two works are not considered one consequential to the other as in Italy and they are regulated by different institutional bodies.

The main psychotherapeutic approaches are: psychodynamic, psychoanalytic, cognitive-behavioural and systemic-relational. We will describe these different treatments in the next article, so don’t miss it or visit now